WordSteal - Stealing Windows Credentials through crafted document
On every external pen-test I do after information gathering and enumeration phase I prepare some spear-phishing campaigns. My favorite method is using Word Macros because most of the companies use a windows environment and Microsoft Office is used widely.
During a pen-test on of the problems that I faced was the mail gateway was rejecting every email that contained macro. Even if it was encoded,obfuscated, encrypted even empty the email gateway rejected our emails.
Since I hadn’t some l33t 0day for all the version of Microsoft Word ( company used different versions) , I had to find a different way to spear-phish the employees.
Then I remembered a post about a Word Exploit generator which used an unusual way to track how many times the document was opened. Microsoft Word had an undocumented function that can load a remote picture. The malware creators used http to map the users who opened the files.
Then I thought why not trying the
If you want to read more about the Word Exploit generator here is the blog post:
Analysis of a MICROSOFT WORD INTRUDER sample: execution, check-in and payload delivery
Now let’s see if it works.
First I used metasploit auxiliary module server/capture/smb to start a SMB sniffer.
Starting SMB Sniffer Metasploit module
After that I created a simple rtf file that tries to load an image from my SMB server.
Creating malicious file
And as expected it worked and the victim tried to authenticate to my SMB Server and the credentials were saved.
With the stolen credentials you can do a lot and is the first step inside the company.
I created a simple script to do this automated job as time is important during a pen-test.
The script can be found here : https://github.com/0x09AL/WordSteal